Monday, August 25, 2008

resurse apa sticla de plastic calitatea apei de robinet

City of London,Canada

Meeting held on August 11, 2008, commencing at 4:05 p.m.
PRESENT: Councillor C. Miller (Chair), Councillors J. L. Baechler, W. Lonc, and S. Orser and H. Lysynski (Secretary).
ALSO PRESENT: Councillors W. J. Armstrong, R. Caranci and D. Winninger (all part-time), M.Bushby, P. Donnelly, K. Grabowski, G. T. Hopcrofl, D. A. Leckie, J. Lucas, L. Marshall, D.O’Brien, L. Pompilii, M. Ponkin, R. Standish, J. Stanford, B. Stein, J. van Koeverden and R.Welker.
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[urmeaza pasajul de interes]

6.(16,22) That, on the recommendation of the Acting General Manager of Environmental & Engineering Services & City Engineer, the following actions be
taken with respect to the purchase and sale of single-use bottled water at City facilities:

(a) Municipal Council APPROVE a resolution stating the following:

WHEREAS The Corporation of the City of London operates and maintains a highly regulated and sophisticated water distribution system that meets some of the most stringent water quality requirements in the world;

WHEREAS the regulatory requirements for monitoring water quality contained in bottled water are not as stringent as those that must be met by The Corporation of the City of London;

WHEREAS The Corporation of the City of London delivers water to its residents and businesses that translates, on average, to about 1/8‘h of a cent per litre;

WHEREAS single-use bottled water sold in London is 230 to 3,000 times more expensive than water from the tap in London, even though estimates suggest that between 10% and 25% of the bottled water originates from municipal water systems;

WHEREAS resource extraction, packaging and distribution of single-use bottled water creates unnecessary air quality and climate change impacts and consumes unnecessary resources such as oil in the manufacture of plastic bottles and in the fuel used in the transportation of bottled water to the consumer;

WHEREAS single-use plastic bottles, although easily recycled through the City of London recycling program, approximately 60 percent are captured in the Blue Box Program and the rest end up in the garbage bag and ultimately delivered to the City’s landfill site taking up unnecessary space without any further contribution to society;

WHEREAS single-use plastic bottles that are not recycled in the Blue Box Program or placed in the garbage become litter in London’s streets, parks and boulevards;

WHEREAS the cost of managing single-use plastic bottles along with other recyclable materials in the Blue Box program, after material revenue has been removed, is currently 35% paid by industry stewards and 65% paid by London taxpayers and when the single-use plastic bottles and other recyclable materials are sent to landfill industry stewards do not pay any of the costs;

WHEREAS City of London tap water is safe, healthy and accessible to Londoners and visitors, and substantially more environmentallysustainable than single-use bottled water;

WHEREAS City of London tap water is readily available at most indoor public facilities, either in the form of a faucet in a bathroom or drinking fountain and, where it is not readily available a plan be put in motion to increase access to municipal water subject to water quality and safety requirements, budget and other considerations;

WHEREAS a priority of London Municipal Council remains that where easy access to municipal tap water does not exist, the availability of bottled water is a very appropriate alternative:

WHEREAS the City Council wishes to set a positive example to the London community on environmental matters;


(i) single-use bottled water will no longer be sold in the City Hall  cafeteria, from City-owned or City-administered concessions and vending machines in public facilities where easy access to municipal tap water exists;

(ii) single-use bottled water will no longer be purchased and provided  at meetings where easy access to municipal tap water exists;

(iii) the availability of water jugs with municipal tap water will be increased, where required;

(iv) a City staff and public awareness campaign be developed to  support the rationale for these important changes, including the need for Londoners to do their part; and

(v) the following implementation schedule be followed, subject to an assessment that tap water is readily accessible at these locations:

City Hall Catering Services
Market Tower Building -
A J Tyler Building
Vending Machines and Contracted Food Services
various locations including arenas and community centres
Municipal Drinking Water Awareness Strategy
Golf Courses
Storybook Gardens
any City-operated concessions

the Civic Administration BE DIRECTED to form a working group with officials from the Middlesex-London Health Unit to ensure that progress is examined from different perspectives including health, safety,environmental, operational and financial;

the Civic Administration BE DIRECTED to update the details in the report titled "Environmental Statement on the Need to Reduce Consumption of Single-use Bottled Water"to ensure that new information from industry has been included in the document and that the revised document be the one made publicly available;

the Civic Administration BE DIRECTED to ensure that the future Municipal Drinking Water Awareness Strategy includes the cost and maintenance of public water fountains and refill stations and related infrastructure requirements;

the Civic Administration BE DIRECTED to include a specific section in the upcoming discussions on maximizing waste diversion that focuses on litter prevention and recycling, noting that improvements in these areas must come from partnerships across all sectors including local government,businesses and the community or taxes;

(f) Boards and Commissions BE ASKED to review their bottled water practices with a view to reducing the use of single-use bottled water;

(9) the Civic Administration BE ASKED to ensure that the appropriate signage is posted to identify the location of water fountains; and

(h) the City Solicitor BE ASKED to review whether or not the City of London has the jurisdiction to ask the John Labatt Centre to not sell single-use bottled water;it being noted that the Environment and Transportation Committee (ETC) reviewed and received written communications from the following individuals with respect to this matter:

a Municipal Council resolution adopted at its meeting held on June 9, 2008;
a report dated August 11, 2008 from the Acting General Manager of Environmental and Engineering Services & City Engineer;
a communication dated June 9, 2008 from A. Innes, Financial Analyst,Columbia Sportswear Canada, Inc.;
a communication dated June 9, 2008 from R. Guthrie:
a communication dated July 30, 2008 from T. Rutten;
a communication dated July 30, 2008 from R. Bird, Water Protection Committee, Council of Canadians, London Chapter;
a communication dated August 11, 2008 from J. Reffle, Director, Environmental Health and Chronic Disease Prevention Services; and the attached communication dated August 11, 2008 from K. Sawchuck, Chair, Health Protection Committee, Council of Canadians, London Chapter:

it being also noted that at the public participation meeting associated with this
matter, the following individuals made an oral submission in connection therewith:

- T. Rutten, 25-589 Talbot Street - expressing support for the recommendation; praising London for being part of a grassroots initiative; indicating that municipal water must meet higher standards than bottled water; encouraging the City to look at banning bottled water at all of its facilities; advising that London should not be in the business of promoting bottled water; advising that it would help London reach the Provincial standard of 60% waste diversion:

-J. Sherwood, Refreshments Canada - see attached presentation;
- G. Cosman, President, Nestle Waters Canada - see attached presentation;
- K. Lomack, 25 Beattie Avenue - see attached presentation;
- M. MacDonald, Waste Free World - see attached presentation:
-R. Bird, Council of Canadians, London Chapter - see attached presentation:
-E. Griswold, Executive Director, Canadian Bottled Water Association - advising that the Canadian Bottled Water Association has never said that London tap water is not safe and that they don’t advertise against tap water; advising that when the Town of Walkerton had a tap water contamination, that their Association donated 1.5 million litres of water and they also donated 200,000 litres of water to Vancouver when it experienced  flooding; and enquiring as to why people should purchase any beverages at City facilities when tap water is available;

it being pointed out that the ETC did not hear presentations from J. Chalinor,
Nestle Waters Canada and M. Walker. (2008-W13-00)
Ati inteles,probabil,ca textul de mai sus reprezinta stenograma unei sedinte a consiliului municipal a orasului canadian London(situl oficial este AICI).Punctul discutat se refera in principiu la eliminarea vanzarii sticlelor de apa imbuteliata in sticle de plastic in limitele de jurisdictie ale orasului si incurajarea folosirii apei de la robinet-din reteaua municipala de apa(tap water).Costul apei livrate de reteaua municipala de apa este de aproximativ 0,12 centi/litru.Se mai spune clar ca 15-25% din apa imbuteliata vanduta in oras provine chiar din reteaua de apa municipala(in romania european drink(fratii micula) au prins si ei miscarea de mult timp si apele lor "miraculoase" izvorite din "creierul muntilor" sint de fapt apa de la robinet in proportie de 85%) si in plus costa de 200 pina la 3000 de ori mai mult decit apa livrata de municipalitate.Se mai spune ca desi 60% din sticlele goale sint reciclate prin programul blue box restul ajung in spatiul public constituind gunoi si poluare. Se recunoaste faptul ca extragerea,imbuteliatul si distribuirea apei imbuteliate creaza schimbari ale climatului si calitatii aerului si consuma inutil petrol si alte resurse.Se exprima faptul ca banii contribuabililor sint cheltuiti inutil cu reciclarea sticlelor de plastic iar nivelul acestor cheltuieli este ingrijorator.  
Iar acum citeva date:

Suma anuala cheltuita pe apa imbuteliata in sticle de plastic se apropie de 100 miliarde dolari!atentie,nu suma cheltuita de consumatori pentru achizitionare ci suma cheltuita global de catre companiile producatoare si distribuitoare doar pentru producerea si distribuirea aceste ape!(cifra valabila la nivelul anului 2007) deci,zaboviti putin si inchipuiti-va cam cite sticle de plastic se produc anual ? ati reusit? normal ca nu, e un exercitiu aproape imposibil,aceste sticle aproape ca nici nu pot fi numarate!

Apa de toate felurile;minerala,plata,super-mega-ultra-plata,super-minerala,ape cu denumiri exotice sau pur si simplu apa de la robinet vinduta pe post de apa miraculoasa! consumul anual de apa la sticla este aproximativ de 240 miliarde de litrii sau 240 milioane de tone.(valabil pentru anul 2007).

Motivul principal care sta la baza acestui consum inimaginabil este in principal credinta ,falsa de cele mai multe ori, ca apa la sticla este mai sigura ,mai curata decit apa de la robinet. O credinta falsa ,in general,deoarece in europa,canada, u.s.a. ,australia,adica in tarile care duc grosul acestui consum, regulamentele si standardele impuse distribuirii apei la robinet sint mai stricte ,in general,decit regulamentele care guverneaza imbutelierea apei in sticle. Cu toate astea costul apei imbuteliate poate fi in unele zone de 10 mii de ori mai mare decit al apei de la robinet. De exemplu,in u.s.a. pretul mediu al apei imbuteliate este de 11-12 $/ sticla de 4 litri ,deci cam 3 $/litru,mai mult decit pretul benzinei!

Problema apei si accesului la apa de buna calitate va deveni foarte curind o problema de viata si de moarte pentru majoritatea tarilor de pe glob.
Actualmente circa 1,1 miliarde de oameni sufera de lipsa unei ape de calitate pentru nevoile primare-ce sa mai vorbim de luxul de a face o baie sau un dus sau de a spala masini!De fapt pentru acesti oameni a spala masini cu apa este o crima!Problema lipsei de apa nu poate fi rezolvata folosind apa imbuteliata la sticle,de orice fel ar fi ele-de plastic sau de termen lung solutia este imbunatatirea si extinderea actualei forme de distributie industriala a apei. In prezent,anual se cheltuiesc pe glob 15 miliarde de dolari pentru construirea de noi apeducte ,pentru descoperirea de noi rezerve de apa si pentru igienizarea acestei ape. Vi se pare mult? Nu e mult!Ginditi-va la suma de mai sus,100 de miliarde de dolari se cheltuie anual pentru producerea apei imbuteliate.O suma inimaginabila pentru o risipa inimaginabil de absurda.

Acele 240 milioane de tone de apa imbuteliata consumata anual ajung pe masa noastra cu trenul,cu avionul,cu camioane,cu vapoare.Toate astea consuma cantitati masive de combustibil fosil.Cantitatea consumata nici nu se poate calcula exact,atit este de mare.Tot combustibili fosili sint folositi si la producerea acestor sticle de plastic folosindu-se polietilen tereftalat-produs obtinut din titei.Numai sticlele de plastic fabricate anual in u.s.a. necesita 134 miloane de litri de petrol crud,de ajuns pentru a produce tot combustibilul necesar anual pentru 100.000 de masini(cifre valabile pentru 2007).Dupa ce sint golite cam 85% din aceste sticle devin gunoi.Daca le incinerezi se elibereaza in atmosfera gaze toxive, precum clorina, si cenusa continind metale grele ambele foarte toxice pentru orice organism viu.Sticlele care nu sint arse si ajung in pamint vor sta acolo inca vreo 800 de ani pina la descompunerea lor naturala.Circa 5-8% din sticlele de plastic folosite in America de Nord ajung in Oceanul Pacific.Este cunoscuta deja marea pata de plastic situata la aproximativ 400-500 de km de coasta americana formata din recipiente de pastic si avand o suprafata mai mare decit a Romaniei-locul unde sute de milioane de fiinte oceanice isi gasesc moartea.Adresa aceasta trebuie vizitata neparat!

Anual,pentru fabricarea sticlelor de plastic se folosesc,deci,cam 2.7 milioane tone de plastic.Din totalul sticlelor de plastic depozitate in u.s.a. ca gunoi cam 40% se exporta in alte tari(in general spre China si tari indepartate) pentru distrugere.Exportul se face cu vapoare care la rindul lor consuma cantitati masive de combustibil fosil pentru aceasta.

In timp ce acest ciclu demential continua,comunitatile locale din locurile de extractie ale apei pentru imbuteliere se confrunta cu faptul ca mai devreme sau mai tirziu sursele lor de apa vor seca.De exemplu in India dupa ce o reprezentanta locala a Coca-Cola (Dasani) a inceput extractia apei prin puturi forate mai mult de 50 de sate din zonele inconjuratoare au ramas fara apa suficienta.Problema este aceeasi in unele zone din Texas (u.s.a.); si chiar in zona Marilor Lacuri din nordul u.s.a. unde fermierii ,pescarii si alte categorii pentru care apa este necesara in permanenta si in cantitati mari sufera din ce in ce mai frecvent de lipsa apei din cauza extractiei intense de apa de catre companiile producatoare.

Inainte de a cumpara apa imbuteliata trebuie sa cintaresti serios daca intr-adevar ai nevoie de produsul respectiv ,cit de mult vei contribui la ciclu absurd expus mai sus si trebuie sa iei in considerare daca nu poti inlocui aceasta apa cu apa de la robinet sau de la izvor sau de la fintina!

Si inca o fraza:nu s-a gindit nimeni sa-l imbutelieze pe "basescu 5 minute" si sa-l expedieze pe post de gunoi otravitor in cosmos!(corect,nu pot sa-l sufar pe presedintele Romaniei).
Referitor la ce spuneam mai sus in legatura cu "izvoarele minunilor" false:iata analiza comparativa a compozitiei mineralogice a doua tipuri de apa!

Apa minerala "wonder spring" sau pe romaneste "izvorul minunilor"! asta da minciuna! un izvor al banilor pentru fratii micula,creatorii trustului media gazos 'national tv' ,creatorii unor tunuri si tzepe date statului roman,mari evazionisti fiscali,mari escroci!

Sa citim ce scrie pe eticheta:"In inima Carpatilor Apuseni,departe de poluarea marilor orase,se afla vestita statiune turistica Stana de Vale,cu unul dintre cele mai ridicate niveluri de ozonificare a aerului din Romania.Aici,din adancuri,izvoreste un dar al naturii,o apa minerala limpede si sanatoasa,care,pe drept,inca din vechime,si-a castigat renumele de IZVORUL MINUNILOR.Calitatile ei o recomanda ca pe o apa exceptionala indicata tuturor,indiferent de varsta.

 Compozitia chimica dupa Institutul Fresenius la 04.09.2002

 Sodiu (Na )................1,2 mg/l

 Magneziu (Mg )........3,8 mg/l

 Calciu(Ca )...............17,7 mg/l

 Potasiu(K ).................0,7 mg/l

 Cloruri(Cl -).................0,6 mg/l

 Hidrogencarbonati(HCO3-)............70,0 mg/l

Apa minerala naturala carbogazificata  cu adaos de  CO2 alimentar

 Dioxid de carbon alimentar (CO2)..........minim 2500 mg/l"

  Si cam atat cu eticheta.

  Pentru cine nu stie  ,"carbogazificata cu adaos de CO2 alimentar" inseamna ca apa respectiva a fost transformata in ...sifon prin introducerea sub presiune a dioxidului de carbon in recipient!Sifonul obisnuit pe care-l cumperi de la coltul blocului.

 In privinta mineralelor prezente ,pot spune(si am "acoperire" 2 ani de geologie la facultate) si la fel poate spune orice laborant sau inginer ca apa obisnuita de robinet contine la fel de multe minerale si uneori in cantitati mai mari decit cele prezentate pe eticheta!Apa aceasta nu este o apa minerala ci este o apa obisnuita -ori de unde ar fi obtinuta:de la robinet,de la un izvor,sau din...ploaie!

 Comparati de exemplu compozitia chimica prezentata mai sus cu compozitia chimica a unei sticle de borsec:veti observa ca apa borsec are minerale in cantitati de pina de 100 de ori mai mari!

  exemplu la apa minerala borsec:


    Ca ............................318,13 mg/l

    Mg ...........................108,38 mg/l

    Na .............................78 mg/l

    Cl-................................17,73 mg/l

    So4--............................46,92 mg/l

       Aici,da,poti spune ca este o apa mineralizata cum scrie la carte!si fara dioxid de carbon alimentar!

 In concluzie,pentru apa Izvorul Minunilor(Wonder Spring): se ia apa de la robinet sau de la vreun izvor amarit din vreo comuna obscura, se adauga dioxid de carbon,se eticheteaza,se scrie compozitia chimica si se vinde .Cum se vinde asa ceva,sifonul asta de doi bani? Cu multa reclama,bineinteles!

 Orice minciuna necesita un marketing adecvat pentru a fi inghitita precum si un tupeu fara margini-tupeul oamenilor care nu-si platesc taxele uriase datorate statului dar care platesc sute de mii de euro mita parlamentarilor si oamenilor politici influenti!Si daca mai adaugi minciunii si un pret piparat te-ai asigurat de dependenta snobilor si tzaranilor manelisti,a prostilor!

 As pune pariu ca sifonul de la coltul blocului e mai bun decit apa asta!Si in orice caz ,nu cumpar nimic de la firmele fratilor micula si nici nu ma uit la media lor gazoasa atita timp cit stiu ca platesc un impozit mai mare datorita evaziunii lor fiscale si tunurilor trase statului roman!

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